DIFFICULTIES IN MANIFISTATION OF PREDICTIVE THINKING OF PRESCHOOL SENIOR AGE CHILDREN WITH UNDERDEVELPMENT

  • Vlada Pishchik, Dr. Head of the Department of psychology and human resource, Southern University (IMBL)
  • Galina Molokhina, Dr. Department of psychology and human resource, Southern University (IMBL), Rostov-on-Don

Abstract

The predictive abilities of children are little investigated in cognitive psychology. The results of empirical studies of predictive thinking of senior preschool age children with underdevelopment are presented. The sample group was 6-7 year old children attending kindergarten. There are 18 children with somatic, speech disorders. We used techniques: “Psychodiagnostic complex (PDC)”, the method of investigating the peculiarities of predictive activity; the method for diagnostics the level of development of verbal-logical thinking. We used the method of participant observation. We presented the data proving that children with a mental underdevelopment more often make mistakes in predictions and mistakes of distractions, elements alternating, strategies change, classification, which reduces their cognitive efficiency. The results demonstrate statistical relationships between the indicators of the ability to prediction, verbal-logical and visual-creative thinking in children of preschool age. Factors influencing the formation of mental abilities of children are discussed.

References

Belousova, A. K., Pishchik, V. I. (2015). Technique of thinking style evaluating. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 3(2), 1-8. Retrieved 10.09.2016. from http://www.ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/176/325

Cole, M. (2003). Culture and Cognitive Science. Outlines. Critical Social Studies. 5(1), 3-15. http://ojs.statsbiblioteket.dk/index.php/outlines/article/view/2159

Passolunghi, M. C., Lanfranchi, S., Altoè, G., Sollazzo, N. (2015). Early numerical abilities and cognitive skills in kindergarten children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 135, 25-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2015.02.001

Pishchik, V. (2014). Modes of Caregiver-Child Interaction as Representatives of the National Mentality. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 146, 181-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.08.093

Pishchik, V. I., Molokhina, G. A. (2016). Specifics of Probabilistic Forecasting of Senior Preschool Children. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 233, 236-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.10.210

Reichenbach, K., Bastian, L., Rohrbach, S., Gross, M., Sarrar, L. (2016). Cognitive functions in preschool children with specific language impairment. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 86, 22-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.04.011

Shiyan, O. A., Kokontseva, E. V. (2014). Interconnection of the Аbility to Сooperate with Peers and Development of Dialectical Thinking of Senior Pre-school Children. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 146, 83-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.08.090

Valencia-Naranjo, N., Robles-Bello, M. A. (2017). Learning potential and cognitive abilities in preschool boys with fragile X and Down syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 60, 153-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.12.001

Wu, L. Y. (2016). Children’s formation and representations of money-related thinking in graphical complexes: Compound relation operations and creative high-order thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 19, 232-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2015.12.001

Замбацявичене, Э. Ф. (1984). К разработке стандартизованой методики для определения уровня умственного развития нормальных и аномальных детей. [For the development of a standardized method for determining the level of mental development of normal and abnormal children.]. Дефектология, 1. 28-34.

Мацумото Д. (2003). Психология и культура. [Psychology and Culture]. Санкт-Петербург: Питер.

Менделевич, В. Д., Менделевич, Д. М. (2009). Прогностические (антипационные) способности детей и подростков и их роль в предупреждении дорожного травматизма. [Predictive (antipation) abilities of children and teenagers and their role in prevention of road transport.]. Вестник НЦБЖД, 1, 45-47.

Переслени, Л. И., Подобед, В. Л. (1982). Особенности прогнозирования и эффективность учебной, деятельности. [Peculiarities of predicting and efficiency of educational activity]. Психология учебной деятельности школьников. Москва, 181-182.

Переслени Л. И., Рожкова Л. А. (1990).Психофизиологические механизмы нарушения познавательной деятельности у детей с задержкой психического развития. [Psychophysiological mechanisms of disorders of cognitive activity in children with mental retardation]. Современные исследования по проблемам учебной и трудовой деятельности аномальных детей. Тезисы докладов (часть 2) «Десятой научной сессии по дефектологии». Москва, 398 - 399.

Переслени, Л. И., Мастюкова, Е. М., Чупров, Л. Ф., (1990). Психодиагностический комплекс методик для определения уровня умственного развития младших школьников (учебно-методическое пособие). [Psychodiagnostical complex of methods to determine the level of mental development in junior schoolchildren (educational manual).]. Абакан: АГПИ

Регуш, Л.А. (2003). Психология прогнозирования: успехи в познании будущего. [Prediction psychology: success in future cognition.]. Санкт-Петербург: Речь.

Смирнова, Е. О., Лаврентьева, Т. В. (2008). Дошкольник в современном мире. [A preschool child in the modern world.]. Москва: Дрофа.

Фельдштейн, Д. И. (2011). Глубинные изменения детства и актуализация психолого-педагогических проблем развития образования. [Deep changes of childhood and actualization of psychological and pedagogical problems of education development.]. Проектирование содержания образования: подходы, 1(2).
Published
2017-06-20
How to Cite
PISHCHIK, Vlada; MOLOKHINA, Galina. DIFFICULTIES IN MANIFISTATION OF PREDICTIVE THINKING OF PRESCHOOL SENIOR AGE CHILDREN WITH UNDERDEVELPMENT. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 65-73, june 2017. ISSN 2334-8496. Available at: <http://ijcrsee.com/index.php/IJCRSEE/article/view/11>. Date accessed: 19 oct. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/IJCRSEE1701065P.