International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE) 2019-04-19T22:33:26+02:00 Lazar Stošić Open Journal Systems <p><strong>International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE)</strong> is an international, high quality, peer reviewed open access journal which publishes articles in all areas of cognitive science, perception, natural language understanding, inference, memory processes, learning, problem solving, planning, connectionism, and other areas of interdisciplinary concern related in education, pedagogy and psychology.</p> <p>The main objective of the Journal is to discuss global prospects and innovations concerning major issues of cognitive science, to publish new scientific results of cognitive science research, including the studies of cognitive processes, emotions, perception, memory, thinking, problem solving, planning, education and teaching, language and consciousness study, the results of studying man’s cognitive development and the formation of basic cognitive skills in everyday life. The Journal seeks to stimulate the initiation of new research and ideas in cognitive science for the purpose of integration and interaction of international specialists in the development of cognitive science as interdisciplinary knowledge.</p> <p>IJCRSEE particularly welcomes articles on the results of scientific research in various fields of cognitive science (psychology, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy and neuroscience) catering for international and multidisciplinary audience. Readers include those in cognitive psychology, special education, education, adult education, educational psychology, school psychology, speech and language, and public policy.</p> <p>Highest priority is given to research reports that are specifically written for a multidisciplinary audience.&nbsp;The audience is primarily researchers in cognitive science and its associated fields, including anthropologists, education researchers, psychologists, philosophers, linguists, computer scientists, neuroscientists, and roboticists. The journal is an specializes in extensive articles that have a major impact on&nbsp;cognitive theory&nbsp;and provide new theoretical advances in cognitive research in education.</p> <p>International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE<strong>) </strong><strong>is currently the only journal</strong> in which the focus is the investigation of cognitive research in many area especially in education.</p> <p><strong>Disclaimer</strong></p> <p>International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE)&nbsp; makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the "Content") contained in its publications. However, International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE)&nbsp; and its agents and licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness or suitability for any purpose of the Content and disclaim all such representations and warranties whether expressed or implied to the maximum extent permitted by law. Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not the views of International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE).</p> <p>International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE)&nbsp; shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to, or arising out of the use of the Content.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong></p> <p>cognitive, science, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, anthropology, education, pedagogy, psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, cognition.&nbsp;</p> Editorial 2019-04-19T22:33:20+02:00 Lazar Stоšić, Dr. <p>Editorial</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## MODERN STUDENTS’ MENTAL REPRESENTATIONS OF SUCCESS 2019-04-19T22:33:26+02:00 Kibal’chenko Irina A., Dr. Eksakusto Tatiana V., Dr. <p>The research is aimed at studying the success mental representations of students who are considered as the modern society members seeking for intellectual and personal resources integration. The article describes relevance and prospects of the success mental representations studying. These representations are considered to reflect personal real and potential success. Such methods as content and statistical analyses are used for the research. Quantitative analysis of signs/indices (total quantity: 555) and categories (total: 415) allowed the “success” concept cognitive structure characterizing. Categorizing the analyzed units helped to define modalities which become basic in the research and specified its conceptual scheme. Quadri classification of signs helped to find out the “success” concept organization style, having peculiarities based on the speed and accuracy of these signs selection, their structuring and integration. The summary of the research is based on the statistically significant conclusions. The level of the students’ style cognitive and personal characteristics structuredness is determinantial for the success mental representations structural organization. The more complete and integral the success cognitive image is, the more mature and integrated the students’ personal resource and experience are; in this case the students are highly motivated for reaching the success. The results of this research elaborate the idea and scientific facts about mental representations and can be informative and useful for cognitive psychology researchers and the persons working with students.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE IMAGE OF SOCIALLY ACTIVE INDIVIDUAL IN THE REPRESENTATIONS OF STUDENT YOUTH 2019-04-19T22:33:26+02:00 Rail M. Shamionov, Dr Anton V. Grigoryev, Dr. <p>The study of students’ representations of a socially active individual is one of the major tasks of psychology of education. The purpose of the study is to carry out analysis of characteristics of an image of a socially active individual in the representations of student youth and to correlate them with self-assessment of social activity and assessment of real social activity. Students aged 17-23 years (n=251) took part in the study М=20.11, SD=1.2 (41% men). We used the polling method with the scales developed by the authors of the present study in order to identify self-assessment of social activity, to evaluate real activity; and the associative experiment method. In the study we analysed qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the image of a socially-active individual in the representations of university students. We have established major meaningful characteristics of representations (personal qualities, self-improvement and personal transformation, states, representation in the group, process and activity-related characteristics). Conclusion has been made about the connection between the intensity of students’ social activity and cognitive complexity of the image of a socially active individual and the content of subjective (initiative, confidence) and psychodynamic (vigour) categories in it.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THINKING STYLES AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING TRAINING: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY 2019-04-19T22:33:23+02:00 Jaime Huincahue, Dr. Claudio Andrés Gaete-Peralta, MSc Viviana Garrido-Véliz, Eng. <p>This study shows the qualitative construction of a Referential Cognitive Graduate Profile (RCGP) for the Computer Engineering program of the University of Bernardo O’Higgins (UBO) in Chile, based on the theory of Mental Self-Governance and by using three data-gathering methods: document analysis, interviews, and questionnaires, reflecting the profes-sional competencies expected by the end of the training, set forth by both the institution and program management. The proposed model allows to contrast the different thinking styles (TSs) found with the ones preferred by students in different levels of formation independently. With this purpose in mind, by using a quantitative methodology, 88% of male students in the program completed the questionnaires to determine these preferences, enabling us to perform a correspondence analysis through Fisher’s exact test. The RCGP results show evident preference for the legislative, executive, hierarchical, and external styles of thinking and clear differences between the preferences of students and of the RCGP. Finally, we discuss about various ways to create new means to strengthen and upgrade both the program’s graduate profile and the RCGP with the purpose of benefitting the formation of Computer Engineers and the future of the RCGP model.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## IDENTIFICATION OF COGNITIVE MANIPULATIONS THAT HAVE THE GREATEST IMPACT ON STUDENTS IN THE INTERNET 2019-04-19T22:33:23+02:00 Anna Zhdanko, Dr. <p>The study puts an emphasis on exploring cognitive manipulations contained in the Internet resources (social networks and blogs) that have the greatest impact on students. The study was conducted with 159 students of Don State Technical University. 50 samples of media texts (of various formats) containing cognitive manipulation were taken from social networks sites and blogs. Focus group method, questionnaire, method of Critical Discourse Analysis and methods of mathematical statistics (Principal Component Analysis) were used for data collection and processing. The findings allow us to identify and describe the features of such cognitive manipulation as “presence effect”, “focus on pros”, “halo effect”, “emotional resonance”, “ambiguous language”, “anonymous authority”, “primacy effect”, “exaggeration” and identify the manipulations that have the greatest impact on students. Recommendations aimed at reduction of the impact of manipulative techniques were suggested. The results of the present study may help teachers and psychologists in their work.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## CONTENT ANALYSIS OF MASTER’S DEGREE AND DOCTORATE THESES WHERE SOCIAL SKILLS TRAINING IS APPROACHED 2019-04-19T22:33:23+02:00 Murat Tezer, Dr. Şebnem Güldal Kan, M.Sc. Behçet Öznacar, Dr. Şeniz Şensoy, Dr. Çilem Çaltıkuşu, M.Sc. <p>Social skills play an important role in interpersonal social skills. This study investigates social skills training concept in general sense in articles, master and doctorate degree programs. Literature review was made in the research between the years 2010-2017. In this literature review process the concepts of publication type,&nbsp; subject area,&nbsp; publication year, research design,&nbsp; data collection tool,&nbsp; sample group,&nbsp; province and department concepts were discussed for social skills training. Study group meta-analysis technique was used in this research. Thirty-eight articles and the theses existing in 22 master’s degree and 21 doctorate program in Turkish Council of Higher Education National Thesis Centre and Google Scholar were analysed.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PARENTING STYLE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CONFLICT BETWEEN PARENTAL AND BUSINESs ROLES 2019-04-19T22:33:21+02:00 Marina Matejević, Dr. Marija Đorđević, MA <p>The paper discusses the connection between parenting style and the scope of the conflict between parental and business roles. For a parenting style, we used the concept of Dianne Baumrind (1966/2002), who defined three basic types of a parent-child relationship: authoritarian, authoritative and permissive. The problem of conflict is accessed through the theory of work-family conflict, the Greenhaus and Beutell model (Greenhaus and Beutell, 1985), according to which the impact of work on a family consists of three sub-dimensions: time-based conflict, strain-based conflict, and behaviour-based conflict. The survey involved 204 respondents – employed parents with at least one child aged 3 to 16 years. The results of the research have shown that the authoritarian and the permissive parenting style is accompanied by a more obvious conflict of parental and business roles, while the positive effect of employment is linked to the authoritative parenting style. Implications of the obtained findings show that business and family responsibilities enable parents to participate in multiple roles, that can be used to promote their growth and development and better functioning in the parental role.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## OPTIMUM VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT FOR SOLVING COGNITIVE TASKS BY INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS: THE QUESTIONS AND METHODS OF DESIGN 2019-04-19T22:33:24+02:00 Tatiana Yurievna Bystrova, Dr. Ludmila Valerievna Tokarskaya, Dr. Darko B Vukovic, Dr. <p>The number of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is growing in Russia and the world at large. It is important to find ways to diagnose and correct the work with such individuals. There is much evidence that children with ASDs often exhibit pronounced communicative difficulties, problems in establishing visual contact etc. Specialists working with this category of patients face serious difficulties in trying to find effective ways to interact with them. The use of virtual reality environments that have the necessary parameters, determined theoretically, experimentally, and practically, can mitigate these difficulties. The study has shown that, at present, there is much experience in the field of virtual reality application while working with children who have ASDs. Nevertheless, there are several unspecified issues. First, as far as the perception of virtual reality by people with ASDs are concerned, it is especially important to study them. Of much importance are the peculiarities of their states associated with virtual reality, while solving cognitive tasks during diagnostic and corrective work stage, as well as in obtaining education. It is necessary to choose the right methods of visualization and interaction in a virtual environment. The focal point of the article is to justify the project of creating a virtual reality for the diagnosis and socialization of individuals with ASDs, i.e., its structure, stages and methods. In addition, the work is of interest in connection with the research of the phenomenon of presence in virtual reality.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PRESCHOOL EDUCATION STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES ABOUT THE POSSIBLE IMPACT OF MUSIC ON CHILDREN’S SPEECH DEVELOPMENT 2019-04-19T22:33:25+02:00 Blaženka Bačlija Sušić, Dr. <p>Music and language are means of human communication, whose common medium is the sound occurring in a unit of time. Numerous relevant studies show that the constant implementation of various forms of musical activities influence the development of a child’s speech and motivates the development of pre-reading skills. A survey formed for the purpose of the study explored the positions of the students of the part-time studies of Early and Pre-school Education on the use of musical, creative musical, and multi-modal activities in their immediate methodical practice, as well as their possible impact on children’s speech development. The results of the study show that the participants believe that the development of a child’s speech is most influenced by musical activities containing multiple verbal elements (children’s singing games, songs and counting rhymes) which are more frequently carried out in practice. Although the participants believe that the activities of rhythmical speech and creating a text to an existing melody influence the development of a child’s speech the most, it is more common in practice to conduct creative musical activities, such as listening to music while dancing and/or painting, as well as those activities related to sound sensitivity, which may be due to the competences of the participants in the listed areas. The respondents who believe that multi-modal activities contribute to the development of a child’s speech, often carry them out more frequently in their methodical practice. The results of the study represent a significant contribution to the further improvement of educational practices.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ACTIVE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES IN DISTANCE EDUCATION OF GIFTED STUDENTS 2019-04-19T22:33:22+02:00 Irina Abakumova, Dr. Irina Bakaeva, Dr. Anastasia Grishina, Dr. Elena Dyakova, Dr. <p>The article reveals the notion of distance education, meaning formation, meaningful technologies. The modern concept of psychological and peda-gogical support of talent is associated with the concept of the child’s abilities disclosure in education. Discussion about the developing potential of distance education, where, on the one hand, the student’s development potential is flattened, compressed and translated into “one-dimensional space” in the process of education; on the other hand, there is a whole range of opportuni-ties to initiate independent activity of students, to include mechanisms of cognitive and personal development of a modern student. The psychological bases of active learning technologies in distance education of gifted students are described. The author’s classification of interactive learning technologies using remote technologies is considered, where each technology finds several concrete embodiments. The results of an experimental study of gifted stu-dents’ independent activity initiation in distance education are presented.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## STUDYING THE WELFARE OF CHILDREN AT AN EARLY AGE IN THE SYSTEM OF INSTITUTIONAL CARE 2019-04-19T22:33:21+02:00 Sofiq Hristova Dermendjieva, Dr. <p>This article discusses the need to develop a unified vision and strategy for enhancing the welfare of children at an early age in the institutional care system in Bulgaria. The methodological basis for the research is the “Quality Framework for Early Childhood Services” (QFECS) of the International Association Step-by-Step (ISSA). A diagnostic tool was developed that explores the guiding principles of good practices in nine different priority areas in three distinct groups in Bulgaria. It analyzes the state of early care and identifies the resources that ensure the quality of services during early childhood.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## CHILD NOMINAL DERIVATION AND PARENTAL INPUT: EVIDENCE FROM MORPHOLOGY-RICH RUSSIAN 2019-04-19T22:33:25+02:00 Victoria V. Kazakovskaya, Dr. <p>The purpose of current article is to describe the early phases of first language acquisition of nominal derivatives in morphology-rich Russian approaching an ideal inflecting-fusional language type. The results are based on the naturalistic longitudinal observations of two typically developing monolingual children (1;5–3;0) growing up in middle socio-economic status families (33 hours of recorded spontaneous speech). It has been revealed that derivation morphology, viz. affixation, starts to develop early and precedes compounding. Within nouns, suffixation is the main method of word-formation. Prefixation and mixed methods are rare. Although nouns can be formed from almost any grammatical classes, they are mainly formed from nouns in child speech. Early compounds can be described as right-headed endocentric ones where their main component is a noun or a verb. The preference for certain patterns and models rarely differs in child speech corpora. Both children have similar development of semantic categories and only a few innovations. The morpheme and semantic (cognitive) complexity of nominal derivatives in child speech increase by the end of the observation period. The influence of parental input is significant for the mechanisms of derivation morphology acquisition. This is confirmed by the presence of a positive correlation for both lemmas and tokens of nominal derivatives. The most frequent patterns in parental input are acquired by a child earlier.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ BODY BUILD AS AN ELEMENT OF WESTERN EDUCATIONAL STRATEGY (IN M. FOUCAULT’S THEORY) 2019-04-19T22:33:20+02:00 Larisa Abrossimova, Dr. Marina Bogdanova, Dr. <p>Human corporeality is directly related to the space of education, although education is interpreted as, first of all, an intellectual process of cultural heritage transmission. Nevertheless, the formation of student’s physical body build is an important component of the state educational strategy. In accordance with the objectives and requirements of state and society there can be observed global changes in human corporeality within educational activities: the transformation of the body as a biological phenomenon into a socio-cultural phenomenon or “politically subjected body”. The authors use Michel Foucault’s ideas as the methodological base of their study of a student’s body transformation processes. Foucault’s ideas suggest that power influences an individual and their authentic behavior through the disciplining of their body, that the aim of the new type of power – the bio-power – is to increase the productivity and efficiency of a human body in the conditions of capitalistic industrial production, and that school is a specific disciplinary area, which allows to meet governmental demand for a new method of control via the production of “obedient bodies”. The authors come to the conclusion that in the modern educational model, despite democratization and humanization processes Foucault’s trends persist because education continues to be the part of the technocratic discourse. Modern school is a disciplinary space fenced off from the outside world, where there is a rigid hierarchy and a system of differences, physical drill, regulation, etc. All these are conditioned by the fact that school honors a governmental request for a technocratic person.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A REVIEW OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL AND GENETIC CORRELATES OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE 2019-04-19T22:33:26+02:00 Vladimir V. Kosonogov, Dr. Elena Vorobyeva, Dr. Ekaterina Kovsh, Dr. Pavel N. Ermakov, Dr. <p>The article is an overview of modern studies of brain organization and genetic correlates of emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is becoming the subject of more and more attentive study of psychologists due to the fact that it influences the mental development of humans, plays an important role in many professions, and its impairment is a marker of some disorders. Nevertheless, the brain organization and genetic correlates of emotional intelligence have not been studied enough – first studies appeared only in the early 2000s. A review of the literature on the enceph-alographic showed that in rest, people with higher emotional intelligence show greater excitation of the left anterior regions of the brain. When per-ceiving affective stimuli, participants with high emotional intelligence show stronger synchronization of some EEG rhythms. Brain mapping technique made it possible to identify the areas of the brain involved in activities related to emotional intelligence. In regard to genetic correlates of emotional intelligence, some genes of neurotransmitter systems have been associated to this trait: the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene COMT, the dopamine DRD2 receptor gene, the serotonin receptor gene HTR2A, and the BDNF brain neurotrophic factor gene.</p> 2019-04-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##