COGNITIVE AND STYLE PREDICTORS OF THE STUDENTS’ PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING

  • Irina Ira Kibalchenko (Kibal'chenko) Department of psychology and life safety, Federal State-Owned Educational Autonomy Establishment of Higher Education «Southern Federal University», Taganrog https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7730-7172
  • Tatiana Eksakusto Department of psychology and life safety, Federal State-Owned Educational Autonomy Establishment of Higher Education «Southern Federal University», Taganrog http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6862-2063
Keywords: cognitive style, psychological well-being, basic beliefs, predictors

Abstract

The article analyses the psychological well-being and basic beliefs of students from the point of view of various variables, but the particular attention is payed to cognitive style, which is studied as the way of information assessment, determining person’s intellectual activity as well as own life activity in general. Theoretical and multivariate regression (stepwise method) analyses allowed us to define the models of psychological well-being and basic beliefs predictors at the significance levels from p≤0.000 to p≤0.043. The number of the students’ basic beliefs and psychological well-being style models is 17 of hypothetical 18 models; this result reflects a high (94.4 percent) study subject matter coverage. The following groups of the models were pointed out in a process of categorization: “harmonic” (these cognitive styles are highly efficient and prove that the style criteria correlate with the basic beliefs and psychological well-being ones); “tending to harmonize” (characterized by the cognitive styles inclusiveness dominating, leading to activity efficiency, but including individual style pole-correctors); “ambivalent” (cognitive style poles inclusiveness dominates, while other poles domination decreases). The following conclusions are made on the basis of statistically significant results: the level and peculiarities of the style poles and students’ psychological well-being and basic beliefs regression equations correlation is the determinant, defining the success of these poles and beliefs directly or indirectly. The results of the research enlarge scientific facts about cognitive styles being predictors of students’ psychological well-being and basic beliefs and make their metacognitive regulation and evaluation possible.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Metrics

References

Azeska A., Starc J., & Kevereski L. (2017). Styles of decision making and management and dimensions of personality of school principals. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 5(2), 47-56. https://doi.org/10.5937/IJCRSEE1702047A

Belykh T. V., Grishina N. P., & Zinchenko E. M. (2018) Decision-making at different levels of rationality: subjects’s cognitive, neural and psycho-dynamic characteristics. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 6(1), 39-44. https://doi.org/10.5937/ijcrsee1801039B

Bolotova, A. K., & Puretskiy, M. M. (2015). Развитие идей саморегуляции в исторической ретроспективе [Development of self-control ideas through historical perspective], Cultural and historical Psychology, 11(3), 64-74. https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2015110306

Bono, G., McCullough, M. E., & Root, L.&M. (2008). Forgiveness, feeling connected to others, and well-being: Two longitudinal studies. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(2), 182-195. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167207310025

Bouchard, G. (2003). Cognitive appraisals, neuroticism, and openness as correlates of coping strategies: An integrative model of adaptation to marital difficulties. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 35(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0087181

Carnelley, K.B., & Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992) Optimism about love relationships: general vs specific lessons from ones personal experiences. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9(1), 5-20. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407592091001

Diener, E., & Ryan, K. (2009). Subjective well-being: a general overview. South African Journal of Psychology, 39, 391-406. https://doi.org/10.1177/008124630903900402

Dzuka J., & Dalbert C. (2006). The belief in a just world and subjective well-being in old age. Aging and Mental Health, 10(5), 439-444. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607860600637778

Emmons, R. (2004). Психология высших устремлений: мотивация и духовность личности [Psychology of ultimate concerns: personality motivation and spirituality] Мoscow: Smysl Publ, 414. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20075867

Epstein, S., & Meier, P. (1989). Constructive Thinking: a broad coping variable with specific components. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57 (2), 332-350. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.2.332

Fini, A. A. S., Kavousian, J., Beigy, A., & Emami, M. (2010). Subjective vitality and its anticipating variables on students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Science, 5, 150-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.064

Goldenberg, I., & Matheson, K. (2005) Inner representations, coping, and posttraumatic stress symptomatology in a community sample of trauma survivors. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 27(4), 361-369. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15324834basp2704_9

Horvath, P. (2018). The relationship of psychological construals with well-being. New ideas in psychology, 51, 15-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2018.04.008

Iani, L., Lauriola, M., Cafaro, V., & Didonna, F. (2017) Dimensions of Mindfulness and Their Relations with Psychological Well-Being and Neuroticism. Mindfulness 8(3), 664-676 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-016-0645-2

Jackson, H., & MacLeod, A. K. (2017). Well-being in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Relationship to Symptoms and Psychological Distress. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 24(4), 859-869. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2051

Kern, M. L., Waters, L. E., Adler, A., & White, M. A. (2015). A multidimensional approach to measuring well-being in students: Application of the PERMA framework. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(3), 262-271 https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2014.936962

Kevereski L., Kotevska Dimovska M., & Ristevski D. (2016). Тhe influence of the emotional inteligence in protection of the mental health in conditions of a psychosocial stress. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 4(1), 17-21 https://doi.org/10.5937/IJCRSEE1601017K

Khazova, S. A. (2014). Ментальные ресурсы субъекта в разные возрастные периоды: дис. ... доктора психологических наук / Хазова Светлана Абдурахмановна: 19.00.13 [Mental resources of a person in different age periods: thesis research…Khazova Svetlana Abdurakhmanovna, Psy.D., 19.00.13], Kostroma. https://rusneb.ru/catalog/000199_000009_005550721/

Kholodnaya M. A., & Volkova E. V. (2016). Conceptual structures, conceptual abilities and cognitive functioning efficiency: the ontological approach. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 914-922. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/293804408_Conceptual_Structures_Conceptual_Abilities_and_Productivity_of_Cognitive_Functioning_The_Ontological_Approach1

Kholodnaya, M. A. (2015). Интеллект, креативность, обучаемость: ресурсный подход (о развитии идей В.Н. Дружинина) [Intelligence, creativity, teachability: resource-based view (V.N. Druzhinin’s ideas development)] Psychological journal, 36(5), 5-14. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24376982

Kholodnaya, M. A. (2019). Психология интеллекта. Парадоксы исследования [Psychology of intelligence. Antinomies in research]. 3rd edition revised and enlarged. Series: author manual.Moscow: Yurait Publ. https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36500433

Kholodnaya, M. A., & Khazova, S. A. (2017). Феномен концептуализации как основа продуктивности интеллектуальной деятельности и совладающего поведения [Conceptualization as the basis of intellectual activity and coping behaviour efficiency] / Psychological journal, 38(5), 5-17. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=29966416

Kopsov, I. (2019). A new model of subjective well-being. Open Psychology Journal, 12(1), 102-115. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874350101912010102

Korchin S. J. (1986). Field Dependence, Personality Theory, and Clinical Research // Field Dependence in Psychological Theory, Research, and Application // Eds.: M. Bertini, L. Pizzamiglio, & S. Wapner. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. https://doi.org/.4324/9781315825564

Krok, D. (2018). When is Meaning in Life Most Beneficial to Young People? Styles of Meaning in Life and Well-Being Among Late Adolescents. Journal of Adult Development 25(2), 96-106. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10804-017-9280-y

Luhmann M., Hofman W., Eid M., & Lucas, R. E. (2012). Subjective Well-Being and Adaptation to Life Events: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(3), 592-615. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025948

Malkoç, A. (2011). Big five personality traits and coping styles predict subjective well-being: A study with a Turkish sample. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 12, 577-581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.02.070

Mason, N. L., Mischler, E., Uthaug, M. V., & Kuypers, K. P. C. (2019). Sub-Acute Effects of Psilocybin on Empathy, Creative Thinking, and Subjective Well-Being. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 51(2), 123-134. https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2019.1580804

Monden, K. R., Trost, Z., Scott, W., Bogart, K. R., & Driver, S. (2016). The unfairness of it all: Exploring the role of injustice appraisals in rehabilitation outcomes. Rehabilitation Psychology, 61(1), 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1037/rep0000075

Oliver, J., & Brough, P. (2002). Cognitive appraisal, negative affectivity and psychological well-being. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 31(1), 2-7. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/29458153_Cognitive_appraisal_negative_affectivity_and_psychological_well-being

Padun, M. A. (2009). Когнитивный стиль и депрессия [Cognitive style and depression] Experimental Psychology, 2(4), 81–90. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=13078606

Pavlova, E. M., & Kornilova, T. V. (2019). Триада «толерантность к неопределенности – эмоциональный интеллект – интуитивный стиль» и самооценка креативности у лиц творческих профессий [Trilogy “Ambiguity tolerance – emotional intelligence – intuitive (presentative) style” and art professionals creativity self-assessment] Psychological and Pedagogical researches, 11(1), 107-117. https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2019110109

Rasskazova, E. I., Yenikolopov, S. N., & Gul’dan, V. V. (2017). Оценка психологического благополучия как принятие решения: особенности субъективных критериев при психических заболеваниях (на моделях непсихотической депрессии и первого психотического приступа в юношеском возрасте) психология [Psychological well-being assessment as a process of decision making: subjective criteria peculiarities in case of psychiatric problems (using the models of non-psychotic depression and first psychotic episode in teenage period)] Journal of the Higher school of Psychology, 14(2), 298-319. https://doi.org/10.17323/1813-8918-2017-2-298-319

Roesch, S. C., Weiner, B., & Vaughn, A. A. (2002). Cognitive approaches to stress and coping. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 15(6), 627-632. https://doi.org/10.1097/00001504-200211000-00012

Ryff C. D. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719-727. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/15726128_The_Structure_of_Psychological_Well-Being_Revisited

Savchenko, T. N., & Golovina, G. M. (2006). Субъективное качество жизни: подходы, методы оценки, прикладные исследования [Subjective quality of life: approaches, methods of assessment, applied researches] Мoscow: Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Publ. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22331803

Sheridan, Z., Boman, P., Mergler, A., & Furlong, M. J. (2015). Examining well-being, anxiety, and self-deception in university students. Cogent Psychology, 2(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2014.993850

Shi, L., Sun, J., Wu, X., (...), Chen, H., & Qiu, J. (2018). Brain networks of happiness: Dynamic functional connectivity among the default, cognitive and salience networks relates to subjective well-being. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 13(8), 851-862. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy059

ter Heide, F. J. J., Sleijpen, M., & van der Aa, N. (2017). Posttraumatic world assumptions among treatment-seeking refugees. Transcultural Psychiatry, 54(5-6), 824-839. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363461517741811

Volkova, N. N., & Gusev, A. N. (2016). Когнитивные стили: дискуссионные вопросы и проблемы изучения [Cognitive styles: Controversial issues and research problems]. National Psychological Journal, 2, 28-37. https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=27536968

Waterman, A. S. (2008). Reconsidering happiness: а eudaimonist’s perspective. Journal of Positive Psychology, 3, 234-252. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760802303002

Yashin, A. A. (2015). Когнитивная ригидность как фактор недостаточной успешности [Cognitive rigidity as a factor of an insufficient success]. Psychology and Psychotechnics, (11), 1146 - 1157. https://doi.org/10.7256/2070-8955.2015.11.16968

Załuski, M. (2015). Obraz Swiata Zawart Y W Dekl Aracjach Pol Icjantów Zakwalifikowanych Naleczenie Psychot Erapeutyczne [The worldview contained in declarations of police officers scheduled for psychotherapeutic treatment]. Psychotherapy, (2), 57-70. https://doi.org/10.12740/PT/42010

Published
2020-04-20
How to Cite
Kibalchenko (Kibal’chenko), I. I., & Eksakusto, T. (2020). COGNITIVE AND STYLE PREDICTORS OF THE STUDENTS’ PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 8(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.5937/IJCRSEE2001001K