Systematic Review About Students’ Conceptions of Engineering Accessed Through Drawings: Implications to STEAM Education




Draw an Engineer Test, drawing, precollege engineering, STEM education, STEAM education


We aim to review students’ conceptions of engineers and engineering accessed through their drawings. Accordingly, we enrolled in a systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) protocols. For that, we established the Web of Science as the source of information. After applying eligibility criteria, the search resulted in ten records. We observed that many reviewed studies enrolled in research designs which contained comparisons of groups, cohorts (cross-age) or pre-post-tests. However, they generally overlooked appropriate statistical tests. Overall, the studies evidenced that most students conceive engineers as males who work individually in manual activities and outdoor environments. The major contribution of this study is providing an overview of the investigation of children’s conceptions of engineering. Additionally, we call attention to the need for more research, teacher training, and carefully planned and executed activities that enhance students’ conceptions of engineers and engineering instead of worsening stereotypes—especially considering current curriculum proposals, such as STEAM education embracing engineering at precollege levels.


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Author Biographies

Jefferson Rodrigues-Silva, Department of mechanical engineering, Federal Institute of Minas Gerais (IFMG), Brazil

Professor at the department of Mechanical Engineering from the Federal Institute of Minas Gerais (IFMG | Brazil) Campus Arcos. PhD student in Education at the University of Girona.

Ángel Alsina, Department of subject-specific didactics, University of Girona (UdG), Spain

Full Professor from the Department of Subject-Specific Didactics and Director of the Cátedra de Didática das Matemáticas M. Antònia Canals at the University of Girona (UdG), Spain. Principal researcher of the Grup de Recerca en Educació Científica i Ambiental (GRECA) from UdG.


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How to Cite

Rodrigues-Silva, J., & Alsina, Ángel. (2023). Systematic Review About Students’ Conceptions of Engineering Accessed Through Drawings: Implications to STEAM Education. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 11(2), 199–211.



Received 2023-02-15
Accepted 2023-05-29
Published 2023-08-31