The Associations Between Personality Traits, Leisure Activities, and Memory Performance in Older Adulthood




personality traits, memory, leisure activities, older adults, SHARE


The present study examines the links between personality traits, leisure activities, and memory in older adults after controlling for leisure activities and demographic factors. The research sample consisted of 24,930 individuals aged 65 to 101 years from 27 European countries (43.2% men and 56.8% women). Data from the 7th Wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe was analyzed. Memory was assessed using a modified version of Rey’s Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT). Personality traits were assessed using the BFI-10 Personality Traits Questionnaire. Data analysis revealed that personality traits such as openness to experience and neuroticism allow for the prediction of memory capacity in older adulthood. These relationships remained significant even after controlling for cognitively stimulating leisure activities and age. These results show that personality traits such as neuroticism and openness to experience might be valuable in predicting memory functioning among older adults.


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How to Cite

Ivleva, V., & Kairys, A. (2023). The Associations Between Personality Traits, Leisure Activities, and Memory Performance in Older Adulthood. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 11(1), 129–141.



Received 2023-02-21
Accepted 2023-04-10
Published 2023-04-20