Cyber-victimization and Its Impact on Victim’s Psychosomatic Status


  • Elena A. Makarova Department of General and Counseling Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Pedagogy and Defectology, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
  • Elena L. Makarova Department of Management and Innovative Technologies, Institute of Management in Economic, Environmental and Social Systems, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation



victimization, bullying, cyber attack, violence model, cyber-bullying model, motivation, aggressive personality, cyberspace aggression, cyber-victimization


Cyberbullying is an important issue to discuss and investigate. This study is a theoretical and empirical research aimed at proving cyber-victimization’s negative impact on psychosomatic health. A direct relationship between these two phenomena is that poor mood regulation in childhood entails dissatisfaction with surrounding world causing rage against weaker peers, victimization, which affects victims’ psychosomatic status. Methods used are literature analysis for the research and empirical part assessing aggressiveness in children (Buss-Darkey Inventory), their emotional state and psychosomatic health problems caused by victimization (authors’ questionnaire. As a result young victims’ psychosocial problems are seen as having negative consequences in later life. Because of these consequences, bullying becomes a hot topic and causes researchers, parents’, as well as school teachers and school psychologists’ concern. Cyberbullying will continue as long as electronic gadgets and communication devices are plugged in and used which is becoming an increasing problem due to dissemination of information, telecommunication technologies and the involvement of children and adolescents in the widespread digitalization of various spheres of life. In conclusion we recommend teachers and parents to develop understanding of cybervictimization, besides to pay attention to their children’s emotional intelligence development that should help them resist victimization and avoid health problems.


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How to Cite

Makarova, E. A., & Makarova, E. L. (2023). Cyber-victimization and Its Impact on Victim’s Psychosomatic Status. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 11(2), 231–245.



Received 2023-03-29
Accepted 2023-05-11
Published 2023-08-31