MEDIA EXPOSURE AND EDUCATION OF FIRST TO SIX GRADE CHILDREN FROM SLOVENIA - PARENT OPINIONS
Keywords:Media exposure, Education, Children, Primary school, Parents
The family environment plays an important role in influencing the way that children use the media and the degree of their exposure to media, however the mediating role of parents in this process is not sufficiently understood. The present paper presents the results of a 2016 Slovenian national survey in which opinions of 2,825 parents concerning their children’s exposure to media were collected and analysed using the SPSS PSAW Statistic 18 software package. Our results show that exposure to media by children from the first to the sixth grade increases with age, that children of parents who are themselves heavy media users are more likely to be heavy users and that children who are heavy media users also receive lower test scores.
Alexander, A. (2008). Media and the Family. V The Handbook of Children, Media and Development, ed. Calvert, S. L. in Barbara J. Wilson, B. J., 614. Chichester, VB: Blackwell Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444302752.ch6
Arango, C. M., Parra, D. C., Gómez, L. F., Lema, L., Lobelo, F. & Ekelund, U. (2014). Screen time, cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity among school-age children from Monteria, Colombia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 17(5). Sports Medicine Australia: 491–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.09.010
Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. Englewood Hills, New York: Prentice Hall.
Bandura, A. (1994). Social cognitive theory of mass communication.(Ed. J. Bryant ve D. Zillman, Media effects: Advances in theory and research (s. 61-90).
Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63(3), 575-582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0045925
Baran, S. J., & Davis, D. K. (2006). Mass communication theory: foundations, ferment and future. California: Thomson Wadsworth.
Böcking, S., & Böcking, T. (2009). Parental Mediation of Television: Test of a German-speaking scale and findings on the impact of parental attitudes, sociodemographic and family factors in German-speaking Switzerland. Journal of Children and Media, 3(3), 286-302. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482790902999959
Chakroff, J. L. & Nathanson, A. A. (2008). Parent and School Interventions: Mediation and Media Literacy. In The Handbook of Children, Media and Development, ed. Calvert, S. L. & Wilson, B. J. first, 614. Chichester, VB: Blackwell Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444302752.ch24
Craig, R. T. (1999). Communication theory as a field. Communication theory, 9(2), 119-161. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.1999.tb00355.x
Ferguson, C. J. (2014). Adolescents, crime, and the media. New York City, NY: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6741-0
Gerbner, G., L. Gross, M. M. &. Signorielli, N. (1994). Growing up with Television: The Cultivation Perspective. In Media Effects: Advances in Theory and Research, ed. Bryant, J. & D. Zillman, 17–41. Mahwah, New York: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Kalin, A. (2004). Vloga medijev pri sodobnem pouku in presojanje njihove učinkovitosti (The role of media in modern lessons and the judgment of their efficiency). Pedagoška obzorja 19(3–4). http://www.pedagoska-obzorja.si/revija/Vsebine/povzetki/po04-3-4.html#2004-3-10
Livingstone, S. (2007). Do the media harm children? Reflections on new approaches to an old problem. Journal of children and media, 1(1), 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482790601005009
Notten, N., Kraaykamp, G., & Tolsma, J. (2013). Parents, Television and Children’s Weight Status: On lasting effects of parental television socialization in the Netherlands. Journal of Children and Media, 7(2), 235-252. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2012.712917
Ofcom, U. K. (2014). Children and parents: Media use and attitudes report. http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/media-literacy/media-use-attitudes-14/Childrens_2014_Report.pdf
Paus-Hasebrink, I., Bauwens, J., Dürager, A. E., & Ponte, C. (2013). Exploring types of parent–child relationship and Internet use across Europe. Journal of Children and Media, 7(1), 114-132. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2012.739807
Rideout, V. J., Foehr, U. G., & Roberts, D. F. (2010). Generation M 2: Media in the Lives of 8-to 18-Year-Olds. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED527859
Roberts, D. F., Foehr, U. G., & Rideout, V. (2005). Generation M: Media in the lives of 8-18 year-olds. Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation.
Robinson, T. N., Banda, J. A., Hale, L., Lu, A. S., Fleming-Milici, F., Calvert, S. L., & Wartella, E. (2017). Screen media exposure and obesity in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 140(Supplement 2), S97-S101. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2016-1758K
Rutherford, L., Brown, J. E., Skouteris, H., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., & Bittman, M. (2015). Screen media, parenting practices, and the family environment in Australia: A longitudinal study of young children’s media use, lifestyles, and outcomes for healthy weight. Journal of Children and Media, 9(1), 22-39. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2015.997101
Schaan, V. K., & Melzer, A. (2015). Parental mediation of children’s television and video game use in Germany: Active and embedded in family processes. Journal of Children and Media, 9(1), 58-76. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2015.997108
Scherr, S., Mares, M. L., Bartsch, A., & Götz, M. (2018). On the relevance of parents and TV as socializers of 6–19 year-olds’ expressions of emotion: representative data from Germany. Journal of Children and Media, 12(1), 33-50. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2017.1365738
Sigman, A. (2012). The Impact of Screen Media on Children: A Eurovision for Parliament. In Improving the Quality of Childhood in Europe, uredil Christopher Clouder, Belinda Heys, Michiel Matthes, in Patrice Sullivan, 3: 88–121. Brighton: European Council for Steiner Waldorf Education.
Valkenburg, P. M. & Piotrowski, J. T. (2017). Plugged in: How Media Attract and Affect Youth. New Haven in London: Yale University Press. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2017.1341116
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.