Examination of Mathematics Study Strategies of Secondary School Students From the Perspective of Multiple Variables


  • Murat Tezer Near East University, Arts and Sciences faculty, Primary Mathematics Education Department, Northern Cyprus https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8312-9162
  • Meryem Gülyaz Cumhur Near East University, Arts and Sciences faculty, Primary Mathematics Education Department, Northern Cyprus https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0437-9030
  • Aytan İldırımlı Near East University, Arts and Sciences faculty, Primary Mathematics Education Department, Northern Cyprus https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2410-6817




Study Strategy, Mathematics, Secondary School, Students, Achievement


The academic achievement of students can decrease if they fail to use mathematics study strategies well. This situation may lead to negative opinions and attitudes among students towards mathematics. In this study, it was aimed to examine the mathematics study strategies of students enrolled at secondary schools in terms of academic achievement and multiple variables. Relational survey method, one of the quantitative research methods, was used to obtain the data. The universe of the study consists of a total of 9,072 students in the 6th, 7th and 8th grades of secondary schools under the Secondary Education Office of the Ministry of National Education and Culture of Northern Cyprus during the 2019-2020 academic year. In the study, the simple random sampling method was used to include 1,012 students. In order to collect the research data, the mathematics study strategies of secondary school students were used; on the other hand, mathematics grades were employed to assess their academic achievement. As a result of the research, when the mathematics study strategies of secondary school students are examined, it is seen that their mathematics study strategies are at the medium level. In this study, a comparison of mathematics study strategies in terms of gender showed that the average score of female students for mathematics study strategies was higher compared to the males. It was also seen that students’ mathematics study strategy scores were similar regardless of whether they were attending extra-school study centres or preparatory schools, and students’ mathematics study strategies scores were similar regardless of whether they received private tutoring. Regardless of the grade levels of the students, we can also claim that their mathematics study strategies are at the medium level. Generally, it has been observed that secondary school students with high academic achievement use their mathematics study skills better than students with low academic achievement.


Download data is not yet available.


Açıkgöz, K. Ü. (2003). Etkili öğrenme ve öğretme [Effective learning and teaching] (6th Ed.). İzmir: Eğitim Dünyası Publications.

Akkoyunlu, A. (2003). A research on academic achievement, the attitudes towards mathematics and learning and studying strategies according to the fields that the 10th grade students chose in high school. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Dokuz Eylül University, Educational Science Institute, İzmir.

Arries, J. F. (1999). Learning disabilities and foreign languages: A curriculum approach to the design of inclusive courses. The Modern Language Journal, 83(1), 98-110. https://doi.org/10.1111/0026-7902.00008

Aslan S. (2008). İlköğretim İkinci kademe öğrencilerinin matematik dersindeki çalışma yollarını kullanma durumu [The condition of elementary schools’ second grade students’ usage of studying strategies at mathematic]. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Social Sciences Institute, Bolu.

Bergey, B. W., Parrila, R. K., Laroche, A., & Deacon, S. H. (2019). Effects of peer-led training on academic self-efficacy, study strategies, and academic performance for first-year university students with and without reading difficulties. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 56, 25-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2018.11.001

Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2019). Eğitimde bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri [Scientific research methods in education] (29th Ed.). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Coenders, F. & Verhoef, N. (2019). Lesson Study: professional development (PD) for beginning and experienced teachers. Professional Development in Education 45(2), 217-230, https://doi.org/10.1080/19415257.2018.1430050

Credé, M., & Kuncel, N. R. (2008). Study habits, skills, and attitudes: The third pillar supporting collegiate academic performance. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(6), 425-453, https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1745-6924.2008.00089.x

Hoover, J. J., & Patton, J. R. (1995). Teaching students with learning problems to use study skills: A teacher’s guide. Pro-Ed.

Holm, A. J., Hausman, H., & Rhodes, M. G. (2020). Study strategies and “study drugs”: investigating the relationship between college students’ study behaviors and prescription stimulant misuse. Journal of American college health, 1-10, https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1785472

Jameson, M. M., & Fusco, B. R. (2014). Math anxiety, math self-concept, and math self-efficacy in adult learners compared to traditional undergraduate students. Adult Education Quarterly, 64(4), 306-322, https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0741713614541461

Karaduman, B. (2019). Ortaokul 6., 7. ve 8. sınıf öğrencilerinin orantısal akıl yürütme becerilerini ve matematik dersine yönelik tutumlarının bazı değişkenler açısından incelenmesi: cinsiyet ve sınıf düzeyi perspektifi [Investigation of proportional reasoning skills and attitudes towards mathematics lecture of middle school 6th, 7th, and 8th graduate students on some variables: gender and class level perspective]. (Master’s thesis, Başkent Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü).

Karasar, N. (2006). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi [Scientific research method] (16th Ed.). Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.

Kartika, A. (2007). Study skills training: Is it an answer to the lack of college students’ study skills? The International Journal of Learning, 14(9), 35–43. https://doi.org/10.18848/1447-9494/cgp/v14i09/45480

Kumar, S., & Sohi, A. (2013). Study habits of tenth grade students in relation to their academic achievements. Indian Journal of Research, 2(12), 58-60, Retrieved from https://www.worldwidejournals.com/paripex/recent_issues_pdf/2013/December/December_2013_1388040523_75c39_19.pdf

Lewis, C. C., Perry, R. R., & Hurd, J. (2009). Improving mathematics instruction through lesson study: A theoretical model and North American case. Journal of mathematics teacher education, 12(4), 285-304, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10857-009-9102-7

Meltzer, L., Katzir-Cohen, T., Miller, L., & Roditi, B. (2001). The impact of effort and strategy use on academic performance: Student and teacher perceptions. Learning Disability Quarterly, 24(2), 85-98. https://doi.org/10.2307%2F1511065

Ministry of Education and Culture, (2016). Annual report 2016, Southern Cyprus. Retrieved, June 11, 2020, from http://www.moec.gov.cy/en/annual_reports/annual_report_2016_en.pdf

Murry, J. P. (1990). Better testing for better learning. College Teaching, 38(4), 148-152, https://doi.org/10.1080/87567555.1990.10532431

Özden, Y. (1999). Öğrenme ve öğretme [Learning and teaching] (3rd Ed.). Ankara: Pegem Yayıncılık.

Qu, Y., Wang, C., & Zhong, L. (2009, August). The research and discussion of web-based adaptive learning model and strategy. In International Conference on Hybrid Learning and Education (pp. 412-420). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03697-2_38

Pohl, A. J. (2020). Strategies and Interventions for Promoting Cognitive Engagement. In Student Engagement (pp. 253-280). Springer, Cham, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37285-9_14

Rohman, S., Hobri, S. & Sahnawi, S. (2019). An analysis of students’ literacy ability mathematics teaching with realistic mathematics education based on lesson study for learning community. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1265, No. 1, p. 012004). IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1265/1/012004

Schuster, C., Stebner, F., Leutner, D., & Wirth, J. (2020). Transfer of metacognitive skills in self-regulated learning: an experimental training study. Metacognition and Learning, 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11409-020-09237-5

Song, X., Ding, N., Jiang, N., Li, H., & Wen, D. (2020). Time use in out-of-class activities and its association with self-efficacy and perceived stress: data from second-year medical students in China. Medical Education Online, 25(1), 1759868, https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2020.1759868

Tezer, M., Onbasi, D., & Falyali, H. (2018). Examination of the learning strategies used by secondary school students towards a mathematics course in terms of certain variables. IIOAB JOURNAL, 9(3), 144-151. Retrieved from https://www.iioab.org/IIOABJ_9.S3_144-151.pdf

Umay, A. (2003). Mathematical reasoning ability. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 24, 234-243. Retrieved from http://www.efdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/yonetim/icerik/makaleler/898-published.pdf

Weinstein, C. E., Husman, J., & Dierking, D. R. (2000). Self-regulation interventions with a focus on learning strategies. In Handbook of self-regulation (pp. 727-747). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012109890-2/50051-2

Whitworth, J., Herzog, J., & Scott, D. L. (2012). Problem-based learning strategies for teaching military social work practice behaviors: Review and evaluation. Advances in Social Work - Special Issue: Military Social Work, 13(1), 112–131. https://doi.org/10.18060/1876

Willems, I. & Bossche, P. V. (2019). Lesson study effectiveness for teachers’ professional learning: a best evidence synthesis. International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies 8(4), 257 271, https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLLS-04-2019-0031

Woolfolk, A. E (1993). Educational Psychology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Yaman, H., Toluk, Z., & Olkun, S. (2003). How the elementary school students would perceive equal sign. Hacettepe Universitesi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 24, 142-151, Retrieved from http://www.efdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/shw_artcl-878.html




How to Cite

Tezer, M., Gülyaz Cumhur , M., & İldırımlı, A. (2020). Examination of Mathematics Study Strategies of Secondary School Students From the Perspective of Multiple Variables. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 8(3), 83–92. https://doi.org/10.23947/2334-8496-2020-8-3-83-92

Similar Articles

1 2 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.