meaning, semantic construct, meaning-building strategy, personality trait, semantic scale


Strategies of meaning formation are included in the highest level of regulation of an individual life. The article presents the results of empirical determination of the polar meaning strategies marker. In the initial modeling of the meaning formation processes, two polar strategies are proposed: adaptive and developmental. The system of personal meanings occupies a central place in the structure of the personality and is correlated with its properties manifested in interactions. For an empirical description of polar strategies, we developed nine scales of personality properties according to the type of private semantic differential. In these bipolar semantic scales, we used words that denote personality traits that act as indicators of meaning. An empirical study was carried out with the use of various techniques for studying semantic regulation of a person to determine a marker that allows one to identify these meaning strategies. The battery of tests included: the author’s private semantic differential, including nine scales of personality properties, “Test of life-sense orientations” (by D. A. Leontiev), test “Who Am I?” (by M. Kuhn), “Multiple intelligence test” (by G. Gardner), “Test of frustration tolerance” (by S. Rosenzweig), “Questionnaire of personality reflection” (by I. A. Stetsenko). An empirical sample (n = 145) found that a stable positive statistically significant correlation (p≤.05) exists only between the indicators of nine developed scales of personal properties and the indicator “Meaningfulness of life” in the “Test of life-sense orientations” by D.A. Leontiev. This indicator “Meaning-fulness of life” can be used as an indicator marker of polar strategies of meaning formation: adaptive and developmental. Its use contributes to a more effective study of the processes of meaning formation and reduces the laboriousness of diagnostic procedures.

Article metrics


Abakumova I. V., Godunov M. V. (2017). The meaning dissonance and alternative assessment properties of the personality. National health, 1-2, 137-150.

Abakumova, I. V. (2014). Education as a dual process and its driving forces in meaning interpretation. General theory of sense, psychological concepts of sense formation, sense didactics. Anthology / comp. I. V. Abakumova, P. N. Ermakov, I. A. Rudakova. Moscow: Credo, 10-18.

Abakumova, I. V., Godunov, M. V., Generdukayeva, Z. S., Enin, A. L. (2016). Strategies of meaning-building: modern ideas in works of domestic researchers (study guide). – Moscow: Credo, 38.

Asmolov, A.G. (2016). A complex person as a challenge to pedagogy of possibilities. Volga pedagogical search. 1(23), 13-19.

Biktina, N.N. (2019). Meaningful life orientations of students with different status in a social network. World of Science. Pedagogy and psychology, [online] 5(7).

Bratus, B. S. (2014). Levels of development of the meaning sphere of personality General theory of sense, psychological concepts of sense formation, sense didactics. Anthology / comp. I. V. Abakumova, P. N. Ermakov, I. A. Rudakova. Moscow: Credo, 135-146.

Dyakov, S. I. (2015). Subjective self-organization of personality: psychosemantic analysis. Bulletin of Omsk University. Series Psychology, 1, 15-33.

Frankl, V. (1990). Man’s Search for Meaning: Compilation: Translation. with English. and German. / General ed. L. Y. Gozman and D. A. Leontiev. Moscow: Progress, 368.

Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books, 440.

Godunov, M. V. (2014). Features of semantic axes in the description of personality traits. Materials of the all-Russian psychological conference with international participation «Category of meaning in philosophy, psychology, psychotherapy and social life». Moscow: Credo, 38-39.

Kotlyakov, V. Yu. (2013). Methods «System of life meanings». Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, 2(54), 148-153.

Leontiev, D. A. (2014). Personal in the person: personal potential as a basis for self-determination. General theory of sense, psychological concepts of sense formation, sense didactics. Anthology / comp. I. V. Abakumova, P. N. Ermakov, I. A. Rudakova. Moscow: Credo, 288-294.

Leontiev, D.A. (1997). An essay on the psychology of the individual. 2ed. Moscow: Smysl, 64.

Morozova, S. V., Nasledov, A. D. (2010). The problem of applying mathematical methods in psychological research: institutionalization of statistical discourse. Bulletin of Saint Petersburg University. Series 12. Psychology. Sociology. Pedagogy, 4. 180-185.

Stetsenko, I. A. (1998). Development of pedagogical reflection in professional training of the teacher in the conditions of mastering of experience of pedagogical activity, PhD dissertation in psychology. Taganrog: Taganrog state pedagogical Institute,159.

Tkhostov, A. S., Rasskazova E. I., Emelin V. A. (2014). Psychodiagnostics of subjective perception of their identities: application of the modified method «Who am I?» National psychological journal, 2(14), 58-69.

Vasilyuk, F. E. (2016). Empathy as the central category of understanding psychotherapy. Consultative psychology and psychotherapy. (5), 205-227.

Vasyukova, E. E. (2009). Problems of operational meanings and transfer in the semantic concept of thinking O.K. Tikhomirov. Methodology and history of psychology. 4(4). 114-132.

Vinogradova, M. G., Ryzhov, A. L. (2012). Method of qualitative analysis in the work with the test of pictorial frustration of S. Rosenzweig. Control and criticality, dynamics, instrumental aspect. Siberian psychological journal, 43, 92-106.

Voronova, A. G. (2017). Structuring of value orientations M. Rokich as an algorithm for achieving life goals of a teenager. Problems of modern pedagogical education, 54 (5). 103-109.




How to Cite

Abakumova V., I. ., Mikhail V., G. ., & Anastasia V., G. . (2020). IDENTIFICATION OF MARKERS FOR MODELS OF MEANING CONSTRUCTS. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE) , 8(2), 53-58.