International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee <p><strong>Serial type:</strong> Journal</p> <p><strong>Format:</strong> Print and Electronic version</p> <p>ISSN 2334-847X (Printed)</p> <p>ISSN 2334-8496 (Online)</p> <p><strong>Web site:</strong> <a href="https://ijcrsee.com/">https://ijcrsee.com</a></p> <p><strong>Editor:</strong> Dr. Lazar Stosic, PhD (Editor-in-Chief)</p> <p><strong>Frequency:</strong> 3 issues per year (April, August and December)</p> <p><strong>Start year:</strong> 2013.</p> <p><strong>The DOI prefix</strong> allotted for IJCRSEE is 10.5937</p> <p><strong>Content type:</strong> Academic/Scholarly</p> <p><strong>Language:</strong> English</p> <p><strong>Key features:</strong> Abstracted and Indexed, Refereed, Peer-reviewed.</p> <p><strong>Status:</strong> Active</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>cognitive, science, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, anthropology, education, pedagogy, psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, cognition.</p> <p><strong>Publisher:</strong> The Association for the Development of Science, Engineering and Education, Serbia, <a href="https://urnio.org.rs/">https://urnio.org.rs/</a></p> <p><strong>Co-publisher: </strong></p> <p>- <strong>Don State Technical University - DSTU, Rostov on Don, Russia</strong> - <a href="https://donstu.ru/">https://donstu.ru/</a></p> <p><strong>Licensing History:</strong><br /><img src="https://ijcua.com/public/site/images/editor/CC_By_2020_licnece2.JPG" width="296" height="107" /></p> <p>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC BY</a>) has been used starting with Volume 8 Issue 2 2020, while previous issues of the journal were distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial–NoDerrivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).</p> <p><img src="https://ijcua.com/public/site/images/editor/ccbyncnd2020mayx32.jpg" alt="" width="84" height="42" /></p> <p>In previous Volumes, till Volume 8 Issue 2 2020, we used Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">CC-BY-NC-ND </a>.</p> <p><strong>Editorial description:</strong> </p> <p>International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE) is an international, high quality, peer reviewed open access journal which publishes articles in all areas of cognitive science, perception, natural language understanding, inference, memory processes, learning, problem solving, planning, connectionism, and other areas of interdisciplinary concern related to education, pedagogy and psychology.</p> <p>The main objective of the Journal is to discuss global prospects and innovations concerning major issues of cognitive science, to publish new scientific results of cognitive science research, including the studies of cognitive processes, emotions, perception, memory, thinking, problem solving, planning, education and teaching, language and consciousness study, the results of studying man’s cognitive development and the formation of basic cognitive skills in everyday life. The Journal seeks to stimulate the initiation of new research and ideas in cognitive science for the purpose of integration and interaction of international specialists in the development of cognitive science as interdisciplinary knowledge.</p> <p>IJCRSEE particularly welcomes articles on the results of scientific research in various fields of cognitive science (psychology, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy and neuroscience) catering for international and multidisciplinary audience. Readers include those in cognitive psychology, special education, education, adult education, educational psychology, school psychology, speech and language, and public policy.</p> <p>Highest priority is given to research reports that are specifically written for a multidisciplinary audience. The audience is primarily researchers in cognitive science and its associated fields, including anthropologists, education researchers, psychologists, philosophers, linguists, computer scientists, neuroscientists, and roboticists. The journal specializes in extensive articles that have a major impact on cognitive theory and provide new theoretical advances in cognitive research in education.</p> <p>International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE<strong>) is currently the only journal</strong> which focuses on the investigation of cognitive research in many areas primarily in education.</p> en-US editor@ijcrsee.com (Lazar Stošić) anetabarakoska@gmail.com (Aneta Barakoska) Mon, 21 Dec 2020 17:48:27 +0100 OJS 3.2.1.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Editorial https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/570 Alla Belousova Copyright (c) 2020 Alla Belousova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/570 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Teachers’ Perception of the Influence of the Teaching Context on Cognitive Achievements in General Technology Education https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/416 <p>High achievements in the cognitive domain are the ultimate goal of any education, within it is important to understand the role of the teaching context. In this regard, the purpose of this research was to determine how teachers perceive the role of the teaching context on the pupils’ achievements in the cognitive domain in general technology education. For this purpose, a survey of teachers’ perception towards the influence of isolated elements of the teaching context, specific to technology education, on the achievements of learning objectives was conducted. The study was conducted as a survey on a stratified sample of technology education teachers (N = 194) from Croatia. ANOVA repeated measurements statistical procedure was used to process the research results. The analysis of the results showed that teachers give preference to certain contextual elements over others. These are activities with technological artifacts, models and simulations, service-learning activities, field trips, work in an appropriate space and the student’s presentation of their own results. These elements can be considered as a contextual basis for the cognitive development of pupils in general technology education. Teachers’ perception of the influence of other elements of the teaching context is not negligible, but obviously there is no priority over these elements, which is why further research is needed.</p> Damir Purković, Stjepan Kovačević Copyright (c) 2020 Damir Purković https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/416 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Reflexive Competence in Metacognitive Monitoring of Learning Activity of HEI Students https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/393 <p>The manuscript presented here reports the theoretical aspects of the concepts of reflexive competence and reflexivity, which is considered, in learning activities through a prism of metacognitive monitoring of HEI students. An essence of metacognitive monitoring and reflexive competence has been theoretically studied. The role of reflexive competence and its components in the process of metacognitive monitoring of the educational activities of students of HEIs has been described. Reflexive competence at the metacognitive level is viewed as a system of formed reflexive abilities, which ensures high productivity of the intellectual activity of the subject by activating the metacognitive resources that are necessary and organizing reflexive actions. The results of empirical research with the use of questionnaire “Reflexive skills (cognitive and metacognitive level scales) (O. Savchenko), Methodology “Reflexive strategies of task solution” (O. Savchenko and M. Makiienko), Metacogntive Awareness Inventory - MAI (G. Scraw and R. Dennison) and “Methodology of Self-Evaluation of Metacognitive Knowledge and Metacognitive Activeness” (M. Kashapov &amp; Y. Skvortsova), and correlation analysis with the use of ANOVA analysis of variance and Spearmen’s rank correlation coefficient, have proved that student’s overconfidence can cause mistakes in the evaluation of the results of the work. Senior students have better indicators of reflexive skills at the metacognitive level and more sophisticated reflexive problem-solving strategies. Thus, the results indicate that senior students have a higher level of reflexive skills at the metacognitive and cognitive levels and a higher level of reflexive problem-solving strategies than the first- and second-year students.</p> Eduard Balashov, Ihor Pasichnyk, Ruslana Kalamazh, Tetiana Zdrobylko Copyright (c) 2020 Eduard Balashov, Ihor Pasichnyk, Ruslana Kalamazh, Tetiana Zdrobylko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/393 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Functions of Participants in the Collaborative Solution of Thinking Problems https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/545 <p>The article presents the results of an empirical study of the collaborative solution of thinking problems by groups of students. The study was conducted in the context of educational activities when students solve educational problems. The student group was divided into subgroups of four people; each subgroup was given a learning task. In accordance with the author’s ideas, collaborative thinking is carried out through the implementation of the following functions: generation, selection, meaning transfer, implementation. These functions are distributed among participants in collaborative problem solving. The purpose of the study was to study the distribution of functions when students collaboratively solve thinking problems. To study the distribution of functions, the author used a questionnaire to determine the distribution of functions between students. The author has shown that in the process of collaborative problem solving, functions are distributed among the participants. It is revealed that in the processes of collaborative solution of thinking tasks, each group of students has a unique combination of functions, which the author defines as the group’s thinking style.</p> Alla Belousova Copyright (c) 2020 Alla Belousova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/545 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Mental Simulation Effects on Performance: Benefits of Outcome Versus Process Simulations in Online Courses https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/326 <p>The present research compares the effects of mentally recreating the experience of realizing that a desirable goal had been achieved (outcome simulation exercise) with those of mentally recreating the actions that might lead to the desirable goal (process simulation exercise). It asked whether the performance benefits of process simulations over outcome simulations, which have been reported in students enrolled in face-to-face classes, would generalize to an online environment. The process simulation exercise was expected to foster attention to the antecedents of good grades, thereby improving class performance relative to the outcome simulation exercise which was intended to be merely motivational. College students from the Middle East, who were taking classes online due to the COVID-19 pandemic, participated. Type of simulation impacted students’ performance on assignments, but differently depending on the timing of the assessment. It did not influence behavioral engagement, midterm test performance, or predictions of performance before or after the test. Instead, process simulation enhanced students’ confidence in their predictions. These findings suggest that process simulation exercises may be useful learning props for activities that challenge students’ problem-solving skills (e.g., assignments) rather than engage well-practiced study habits (e.g., tests).</p> Runna Alghazo, Ibtisam Daqqa, Hanadi Abdelsalam, Maura A.E. Pilloti, Huda Al Mulhem Copyright (c) 2020 Runna Alghazo, Dr. Ibtisam Daqqa, Dr. Hanadi AbdelSalam, Dr. Maura A. E. Pilotti, Dr. Huda Al Mulhem https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/326 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Students Critical-Creative Thinking Skill: A Multivariate Analysis of Experiments and Gender https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/370 <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;">Students’ ability to practice several thinking skills is one of the problems common in today’s learning. Therefore, this research aims to describe the improvement of students’ critical-creative thinking skills through a multivariate analysis of the experiment model and gender. The experiment models used in this research are the Multiple Skill Laboratory Activity Model (MSLAM) and Higher Order Thinking Laboratory (HOT Lab), with gender, considered as a factor influencing a successful learning process. Research method was a quasi-experiment with data obtained from 328 respondents from five different universities in Indonesia and analyzed using the multivariate tests. The results showed that the experiment model affected the learning outcomes more than genders. Furthermore, the Multiple Skill Laboratory Activity Module proved to improve students’ critical and creative thinking skills better than the Higher Order Thinking Laboratory. This study expected to provide a comparison in determining the types of suitable experiments for learning at colleges and schools. </p> Adam Malik, Mujib Ubaidillah Copyright (c) 2020 Adam Malik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/370 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Informational Behavior in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Psychological Predictors https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/488 <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;">The core problem of the COVID-19 pandemic for psychologists is to find out how people cope with the stress of isolation and the threat of fatal disease. The scale of the pandemical impact on the psychological well-being of an individual has still no knowledge and psychological predictors which the impact depends on need to be identified. This paper presents an empirical study of informational behavior and its psychological predictors in the pandemic. The research was held online in April-May 2020. The total amount of 165 participants, aged from 18 to 66. The subjects were chosen from a randomly selected sample. The participants were asked to estimate their informational consumption in pandemic. Tolerance to ambiguity, hardiness and anxiety was studied in groups distinguished according to changes in informational consumption. The findings of this study indicate a significant correlation between informational behavior and psychological characteristics related to coping with stress. Besides the analysis proved a negative correlation between reactive and personal anxiety and tolerance to ambiguity, hardiness and its components. We have confirmed that increased informational comsumption can be considered as a coping strategy for overcoming the pandemic social isolation among respondents with low hardiness and tolerance to ambiguity. Stable and decreased informational consumption indicates that respondents with high hardiness and tolerance to ambiguity and low state and trait anxiety don’t need to consume information for coping with difficulties of pandemic self-isolation. Future work will concentrate on expanding the list of psychological predictors of informational behavior and studying the features of their interaction in different situations.</p> Anastasia Vasilievna Grishina, Abakumova Irina Vladimirovna Copyright (c) 2020 Anastasia Grishina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/488 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Cognitive-Conceptual Model for Developing Foreign Language Communicative Competence in Non-Linguistic University Students https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/408 <p>This study is devoted to the foreign language communicative competence development among non-linguistic universities under-graduate students. This research covered the issue of foreign language education based on the cognitive-conceptual model for teaching English to non-linguistic university students. As the main research method, pedagogical modelling was chosen. The experiment was conducted at Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, and Ural Institute of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia among 72 undergraduate students. The results of several curriculum-based tests showed that the percentage of correct determination of expressions with the context available increased from 54% to 93.2% in EG1, and from 41.9 to 85.5% in EG2. The overall students’ understanding of lexical units increased by 39.2% and 43.6%, respectively. The ratio of misunderstanding/understanding of speech utterances increased from 15/7 to 6/16, while the proportion of students who do not use/use various interpretation strategies changed from 8/14 to 3/19. The developed cognitive-conceptual methodology effectiveness for teaching foreign language communicative competence was proven. It can be applied to train students of various specialisations at different university degree levels.</p> Alla Evtyugina, Aizhanna Zhuminova, Elena Grishina, Irina Kondyurina, Marina Sturikova Copyright (c) 2020 Alla Evtyugina, Aizhanna Zhuminova, Elena Grishina, Irina Kondyurina, Marina Sturikova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/408 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Creativity Formation in the Context of Social and Psychological Adaptation of Preschoolers Aged 5-6 Years https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/417 <p class="Default">The aim of the research is to analyze the creativity manifestation in the early stages of ontogenesis; to verify the relationship between creative abilities and social adaptation of preschoolers. The importance of the topic under consideration is determined by the fact that preschoolers’ childhood is the main sensitive period for the formation of creativity as the person’s adaptive re-source. The deficiency of development during this period cannot be compensated later. The examination of the creative abilities of 115 children aged 5-6 years has been conducted. Based on the total result of seven subtests Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, three groups of children have been distinguished. They include children with high (N=20), medium (N=79), and low (N=16) creative potential. Data on behavior have been collected from 142 parents and 24 teachers who supervised children during communication situations. The adaptation of preschoolers have been analyzed on three sides: as a set of individual be-havioral reactions conditioning cooperation with the environment (A questionnaire of children’s temperament Thomas and Chess); as a social competency – skills in communication with children and adults (expert assessments of teachers based on the open structured supervision), and as an emotional adaptation to life situations (the projective technique of anxiety diagnostics “Choose a face”). In all cases, children with high creative potential demonstrated particular differences. The positive reaction of “approaching” in response to new stimuli, a low sensory threshold, and high speed of adaptation to the change of external terms are a typological profile of a “creative” temperament. Related problems of emotional reaction and the increased anxiety of pre-schoolers have been detected. The development of skills for social competence lags significantly in the group with a low level of creativity. The factorial structure of creative abilities, which presents three types of creativity (subject, verbal, and figurative), and three leading abilities (productivity, originality, and fluency) have been suggested. The particular parameters of creativity corre-late in different ways with the adaptability of preschoolers: the readiness is more successful, and originality is associated with disturbances of emotional regulation. In conclusion, creativity is presented as a natural condition for a child’s adaptation.</p> Larysa V. Zdanevych, Galyna V. Buchkivska, Valentyna V. Greskova, Borys M. Аndriievskyi, Liudmyla A. Perminova Copyright (c) 2020 Larysa Zdanevych https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/417 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Development of Engineering Students Competencies Based on Cognitive Technologies in Conditions of Industry 4.0 https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/455 <p>Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 concepts are actively developing all over the world. The accelerating transition to Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 sets new requirements for the university education system in qualifications and competencies of engineering universities graduates. The article reveals the possibilities of using cognitive models in the professional training of research engineers for new industries. Authors used the modeling method for creating a cognitive and metacognitive model of the process. It can be used for the development of forming the optimal structure of higher professional engineering education. The article substantiates that the main tasks of modernization of pedagogical approaches in modern education, is to establish the compliance of educational products with the labor market requirements and transform the structure of vocational education, providing training for professional specialists required by specific employers. Conclusions are drawn about the important role of soft skills for engineering education in Industry 4.0. The results obtained in the study can be used for the engineering category of students.</p> Zhanna Mingaleva, Natalia Vukovic Copyright (c) 2020 Natalia Vukovic, Zhanna Mingaleva https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/455 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Features of Social-Perceptual Properties of Mathematically Gifted Students https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/415 <p>The attention of modern society to intellectual potential makes the problem of studying mathematically gifted youth at the stage of self-determination in higher education relevant. Practical problems related to the psychological features of social adaptation of mathematically gifted youth require solving. The main goal of the research is to study the social and perceptual abilities of mathematically gifted students. The study sample consisted of 76 natural science students aged 17-23 years (M=19.8, SD=3.2 (58% men). The research methods were: testing (test of analytical mathematical abilities, test of the structure of intelligence (TSI) of R. Amthauer), expert assessment, survey (questionnaire of V. A. Krutetsky, questionnaires aimed at diagnosing socio-perceptual abilities), statistical methods. Self-assessment of intelligence, composite assessment, and some components of social intelligence and some components of empathy are significantly different. The ability of mathematical generalization and practical mathematical thinking have a greater number of relationships with social and perceptual properties. Here we found relationships not only with empathy, but also the ability to recognize verbal expression and the General ability to understand and manage their own and other people’s emotions. The ability to operate images in two-dimensional space is related only to the level and components of emotional intelligence. According to the results of the study, the features of socio-perceptual properties of students with different levels of analytical mathematical abilities are described. The conclusions can be used in the development of a program of psychological support for this category of students.</p> Yulya Tushnova Copyright (c) 2020 Yulya Tushnova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/415 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Field Dependence / Field Independence as a Factor of Financial Decision Making With Varying Degrees of Risk Among Students https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/514 <p>Currently, a new interdisciplinary field of research – financial behaviour-is rapidly developing. Psychological characteristics of the subject of financial behaviour can have a significant impact on the decision-making process in this field. Cognitive style, as an individual way of processing the information perceived by the subject, is one of the factors determining such procedural features of financial decision-making as: the time spent on decision – making, the speed of decision-making, the emotional state of the individual during decision-making, the nature of perceptual information processing (especially oculomotor activity), as well as the type of decision strategy - rational, irrational or marginal. </p> Tatiana Belykh , Zinchenko Ekaterina Mikhailovna Copyright (c) 2020 Tatiana Belykh , Zinchenko Ekaterina Mikhailovna https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/514 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100